What Do Red Pandas Eat?

Red pandas, also known as lesser pandas or red bear-cats, are adorable and fascinating creatures native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China. While they may resemble raccoons or bears, they are actually their own unique species. One of the most common questions people have about what do red pandas eat?

Diet of Red Pandas

Red pandas are primarily herbivores, which means their diet consists mainly of plants. However, they do have some omnivorous tendencies, occasionally incorporating insects and small vertebrates into their meals. Let’s take a closer look at the different types of food that red pandas consume:


Bamboo is a staple in the diet of red pandas. In fact, it makes up about 85-95% of their total food intake. These adorable creatures have a special adaptation that allows them to digest bamboo efficiently. Unlike other animals, red pandas have a modified wrist bone that acts as a thumb, enabling them to grasp bamboo shoots and leaves with precision.

Red pandas prefer to eat young bamboo leaves and shoots, as they are more tender and easier to digest. They have a keen sense of smell, which helps them locate the most nutritious and tasty bamboo plants.


In addition to bamboo, red pandas also enjoy eating various fruits. They have a particular fondness for berries, such as raspberries, strawberries, and mulberries. These fruits provide them with essential nutrients and serve as a tasty supplement to their bamboo-heavy diet.

Eggs and Insects

While red pandas are primarily herbivorous, they occasionally supplement their diet with eggs and insects. This behavior is more common during the breeding season when they require additional protein for energy. Red pandas have been observed feeding on bird eggs, insects, and even small birds and rodents.

Feeding Habits

Red pandas are solitary animals and are most active during the early morning and late afternoon. They spend a significant portion of their day foraging for food, as their diet consists of low-calorie bamboo, which requires them to consume large quantities to meet their energy needs.

These adorable creatures are skilled climbers and spend a considerable amount of time in trees. They use their sharp claws and long, bushy tails for balance while navigating through the branches. Red pandas are known to have overlapping home ranges, but they are not territorial when it comes to food, and they can peacefully share the same bamboo patch.

Conservation Concerns

Despite their cuteness and charm, red pandas are classified as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Their population is declining due to habitat loss, poaching, and climate change.

Efforts are being made by various organizations and governments to protect red pandas and their habitats. Conservation initiatives focus on creating protected areas, promoting sustainable land use practices, and raising awareness about the importance of preserving these unique animals.

In Conclusion

Red pandas have a specialized diet that primarily consists of bamboo, supplemented with fruits, eggs, and insects. Their unique adaptations, such as the modified wrist bone that acts as a thumb, enable them to efficiently consume and digest bamboo. However, their population is currently at risk, and it is crucial to support conservation efforts to ensure the survival of these adorable and ecologically important creatures.

Leave a Comment